By: Lailuma Noori
World Teachers’ Day, also known as International Teachers Day, is held annually on October 5th coinciding with Mizan 13. Established in 1994, it commemorates the signing of the 1966 UNESCO/ILO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers, which is a standard-setting instrument that addresses the status and situations of teachers around the world. This recommendation outlines standards relating to education personnel policy, recruitment, and initial training as well as the continuing education of teachers, their employment, and working conditions. World Teachers’ Day aims to focus on “appreciating, assessing and improving the educators of the world” and to provide an opportunity to consider issues related to teachers and teaching.
In 2019, World Teachers’ Day will celebrate teachers with the theme, “Young Teachers: The future of the Profession.” The day provides the occasion to celebrate the teaching profession worldwide, to take stock of achievements, and to address some of the issues central for attracting and keeping the brightest minds and young talents in the profession.
World Teachers’ Day is co-convened in partnership with UNICEF, UNDP, the International Labor Organization (ILO), and Education International.
In Afghanistan, on the World Teacher’s Day, schools are off, but students and teachers go to schools and hold parties in which teachers are granted with various gifts. Teachers in our country are facing with lots of problems and challenges such as security, economic and political as most of schools have been destroyed in insecure areas of the country and many teachers have lost their lives.
Currently, due to increasing insecurities in various parts of the country, nearly 3.7 million children are deprived of going to school, based on information provided by the ministry of education. Lack of professional teachers and education personnel, lack of buildings for schools, shortage of textbooks, problems in standard curriculum, weakness in administration and other are a range of problems facing education in the country.
According to reports, even active schools are facing with serious problems as of lack of professional teachers. For example, religious teachers or figures are teaching sciences-related books such as chemistry, physics, math and others; in the meantime, students are mostly deprived of textbooks, library, labs and others.
Afghan experts believe that education system is facing with various challenges as nearly 50 percent of schools have no standard buildings despite of billions of dollars provided by donor countries in the past 18 years. Despite of continued promises and pledges made by government officials in connection with improvement of the education system, there are still increasing problems and challenges threatening this key sector in the country. For example, corruption is a big challenge threatening the education sector in Afghanistan.
Other than corruption, security and low education quality are other challenges facing the education system.
To address the above challenges and problems, in first step, the government is asked to bring fundamental reforms in education system. In second step, the government should create a comprehensive and regular educational strategy that can address and respond all problems facing the education system in Afghanistan.