By: Masouda Qarizada
As the main element of existence, without water life looks to be impossible and as the origin and source of life on the earth, today it requires strong attention more than ever and should be exploited reasonably and responsibly due to its high importance.
Following the gradual change of climate on the earth, and mainly with the expansion of greenhouses gases and reducing of underground and surface water resource, the water element constitutes one of the major and basic priorities of most countries that require proper academic management.
Since the recent last decade due to non-professional exploitation of underground water sources in big cities particularly in capital Kabul, the extraction quantity of these water are beyond the actual capacity and has created disturbing concerns on this matter.
Quantitatively, the balance of underground waters in Kabul city is negative. Growth of population in the capital city is one of the basic factors behind underground water crisis according to the MoWE. Majority of inhabitants have drilled deep wells in their houses and exploit water for daily need.
Qualitatively too the underground water resources have been affected with crisis. People don’t properly use waters don’t economize it and consume it irreasonably and carelessly. Only 25 percent of Kabul inhabitants have systematic access to standard potable water supply system. Waste and savage waters influence into underground waters and result in negative outcomes.
Non-standard water pump-stations also produce negative impacts on underground waters. The Kabul river that should have been the manifestation of cleanness and freshness, has been changed to garbage bin. Its water directly penetrates under the ground and pollute waters.
It is a general and public responsibility of Kabul residents to prevent pollution of these waters.
Ahmad Mokhtar Perdase a student of Rabia Balkhi university talking on the problem of underground waters, said, the water used in people houses, is over their need and people don’t economize it that caused reduction of its resources.
Limited water resource, improper use as well as penetration of dirty waters into underground cause contamination of resources. There is no public standard savage system, waters of non-normative septic wells are absorbed and pollute underground waters. Due to increasing population and high consumption, the level of underground waters has reduced 25m down. The government has also not taken essential step to prevent it. The government should exploit water of Panjsher river and dams should be built to control water reduction.
Polluted waters affect Kabul people with serious diseases. A national counter-pollution campaign is needed to prevent this critical situation and save this unique gem of life.