By: Masouda Qarizada
This system should be drafted in such a way to include water balance and increasing water effectiveness in the best possible way taking into account the quantity of incoming and outgoing water, or allocated water to a natural source in a specified time period.
Risk management is recommended as one of the basic practical works in long term to prevent excessive extraction of natural resources and reduction of water quality.
Risk assessment requires sufficient information to ensure water supply in big cities, strategic water reservoirs should be identified that include high quality underground water resource near the cities. At present exploitation of strategic underground water resources is not recommended. But in case of water shortage crisis, these strategic resources should be gradually used based on plans.
Experiences have shown that we could increase access to water resources if water reservoir dams are used for primary purpose namely feeding of underground waters.
To support this hypotheses, the following two research cases are recommended:
1- Multipurpose Shah and Aroos Dam could leave considerable impact in feeding of underground waters as it prevents floods, it simultaneously could be used for irrigation and energy generation.
2- Artificial feeding project of Kabul city underground waters could play key role in sustainable ensuring of water resources, keeping constant the underground water level and prevention of land collapse.
Both abovementioned cases proved that water resources require long term planning, large quantities of water could be used in long times.
While demands for daily water use is increasing, population growth, change of social criterions in use of water as well as long term effects of climate changes should also be taken into account among restricting factors.
Feeding of underground water, through collecting of rain water, could be one of major solutions and the government should encourage people and improve awareness giving.
Available information on water balance in Afghanistan are affected by inadaptabilities and indecisiveness. Although certain measures on providing information on this issue have taken place but still more informations are needed on water quality and quantity. To arrange an inclusive and accountable national water policy to local, regional and national needs, an instrument is needed to collect, analyze and transfer information and this is possible using of a system of geographical information to create a systematic and dynamic and practical informational structure.
Access to good-governance in water section:
Decisive deciding on water management needs sufficient theoretical and technical information. Progress in water resources management of Afghanistan requires revision of bodies and amending of instruments and methods of supervision including essential attention to water, promotion of comprehensive water resources management and reduction of risks are as basic elements in water resources management.
Improvement of water resources management requires native information in implementation of water local and democratic management, extensive training of water beneficiaries, inclusion of water in school curriculum and development of innovative and researching programs.
To achieve the goal of a good water management, establishment of an effective relation and coordination among different local, regional and national beneficiaries is needed.
Beside that creation of consultation, arrangement and mediation and settling of differences mechanisms are needed.
In this sphere High Council of Afghanistan Lands, Water and Environment plays key role to assess relevant activities of water management within the framework of National Water Strategy. Allocation of resources and water planning is one of the major activities of this council.