By: Suraya Raiszada
KABUL: At least 81,000 people have been displaced in Afghanistan in the first three months of 2021, said the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), in a report the other day.
According to the organization Nangarhar, 18,000 and Kandahar with 12,000 displacements have experienced the worst situation since the beginning of January until the end of March, while, Faryab and Baghlan with the highest displacement in the last three months.
“59 percent of the internally displacement people (IDPs) were children and adolescents under the age of 18,” OCHA said in its report.
The organization considered war to be the main cause of displacement of people in Afghanistan in the first place and then natural events.
Authorities from the Ministry of Refugees, Repatriations and other responsible institutions say that they were making effort to address the situation of internally displaced persons.
“This year, the number of internally displaced persons has increased due to increased insecurity and drought compared to last year,” the Afghan Ministry of Refugees said adding to cover and distribute emergency aids all preparations have been taken to cover those who have been displaced from their main areas due to war or natural disasters, especially droughts.
According to official statistics, most of the IDPs are in Nuristan, Baghlan, Kunduz, Badakhshan, Helmand, Kandahar, Farah, Uruzgan and Takhara provinces, who have left their native areas due to continuing insecurity and settled in their neighboring provinces.
Experts believe that with the deteriorating security situation, the increase in suicide attacks, the escalation of fighting between security forces and the opposition and report about the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, large number of people have migrated.
They ask the government to look for a way so that IDPs can return to their main areas.
The IDPs’ main is that the government should provide them with shelters until their provinces are safe, they said of providing assistance to areas affected by drought and IDPs and the government should work together to address drought-stricken areas and address their concerns.
Janat Bibi, a 50-year-old woman from Helmand who just fled war recently, lives in a tent in the Qargha region.
“In Helmand, we always face war and our life is threatened by growing insurgency,” she said adding however living under tent is too difficult for her and her children.
She asked the government to help them and if their areas were peaceful they would all leave. “But unfortunately, the clashes are still going on in Helmand province, so we have to live a hard life here.”
Hassan Ali is a resident of Ghazni province who has lost all his properties due to the recent clashes said that war left them homeless and inflicted serious economic and health problems for him.