By: Lailuma Noori
24 October, coinciding with 2 Aqrab, is the International United Nations Day. This followed a declaration by the United Nations General Assembly in 1947 which designated 24th of October, the anniversary of the Charter of the United Nations, as United Nations Day, by proclaiming that the day would be instrumental in making people aware and it shall be devoted in making known to the people of the world the aims and achievements of the United Nations and to gain their support for its work.
In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly recommended that the day be observed by Member States as a public holiday. Each year, the global network of UN Information Centers organizes a variety of events to mark UN Day.
Activities range from ceremonies, seminars, panel discussions, symposiums to series of briefings for students, art competitions, rallies, film screenings and book/photo exhibitions, media campaigns- including interviews and newspaper supplements- and social media campaigns.
The United Nations was established in 1945 “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war” and one of its main purposes is to maintain international peace and security. The United Nations uses the political tools of preventive diplomacy and mediation to help nations prevent and resolve conflicts peacefully.
The main objectives for formation of the organization were to maintain international peace and security, improvement of human rights, social and economic development, protection of environment and providing humanitarian assistance to address poverty, natural disasters and people displaced due to conflicts and other natural disasters.
Supporting the international rights; expansion and respect to international rights is one of the most significant parts of the UN charter conducted by the Security Council in framework of courts and multilateral agreements through various peace missions.
Defending the human rights; the context of human rights is repeated seven times in the United Nations charter. The United Nations is working to promote and encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion. In 1948, the Universal Human Rights Declaration was approved in Paris.
The declaration has specified fundamental civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights.
Deliver Humanitarian Aid. One of the purposes of the United Nations, as stated in its Charter, is “to achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character.”
In Afghanistan, the United Nations is committed to protection of values in supporting peace, human rights and delivering assistance to Afghans. The UN has had unprecedented and deep relations with Afghanistan and its people for the past decades.
According to the UN officials, the UN mission in Afghanistan is to support the country’s peace process led and owned by Afghans, support and defend human rights and help Afghanistan government in various fields such as education, health, election and others.