By: Lailuma Noori
20 June is marked as World Refugee Day. The day was marked for the first time in 2001 with marking the 50th anniversary of 1951 convention on situation of refugees across the world. World Refugee Day 2021 focuses on the power of inclusion.
The shared experience of COVID-19 has showed us that we only succeed if we stand together. We have all had to do our part to keep each other safe and despite the challenges, refugees and displaced people have stepped up.
Given the chance, refugees will continue to contribute to a stronger, safer and more vibrant world.
Therefore UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency’s World Refugee Day campaign this year is calling for the greater inclusion of refugees in health systems, schools and sport. Only by working together can we recover from the pandemic. This year’s motto is “Together we heal, learn and shine”.
Why is the World Refugee Day important?
The day focuses on the rights, needs and dreams of refugees and helping in mobilizing political and social donation so that refugees can both live and promote.
Although it is important to support each day of refugees’ life, international occasions as the World Refugee Day can help in making the world countries to pay further attention to life condition of refugees.
What happens on World Refugee Day?
The World Refugee Day is marked every year by holding various ceremonies for the support of refugees across the world.
The ceremonies are held by refugees, government officials, host organizations, companies and elite figures in support of refugees.
Afghanistan is considered as one of the biggest countries whose mostly citizens have left their country due to continued war, torture and violence. According to information, Afghan citizens are the third big group of refugees in the world.
Neighboring countries such as Pakistan and Iran are hosting nearly 87 percent of Afghan refugees in their countries.
There are different reasons for migration to EU and western countries. Continued war and violence, increasing poverty and unemployment have mostly made Afghan citizens to leave for other countries of the world to live in tranquility and peace.
Besides, a large number of Afghan citizens have been displaced from their home areas due to natural incidents as floods, landslide, drought and earthquake. Most internally displaced people are being displaced time by time but avoiding leaving for other countries.
These people do not have access to shelter, food, drinking water, healthcare, education and employment.
Migration is an international problem and cannot be addressed by a government or two; therefore, cooperation of various countries and the United Nations has changed to a need.
A strategic and comprehensive research should be done in this regard.
It is worth mentioning that migration is considered as human rights as each human being can settle at any location of the world but with particular norms and international conventions. World countries do not have the right to expel or forcefully deport refugees. In such circumstances with which Afghanistan is facing, EU member countries and other western countries should not forcefully deport or expel Afghan refugees from their countries.