By: Lailuma Noori
World No Tobacco Day is observed around the world every year on 31st May. In 1987, World Health Organization (WHO) member countries heeded the attention of all to the harms and risks of using tobacco by setting a particular day as World No Tobacco Day.
Cigarette and tobacco have been known as the second element of death in the world. Statistics have shown that half of the 650 million people being addicted to cigarettes lose their lives due to smoking cigarettes. Another terrible information says hundreds of thousands of people not addicting to cigarettes, lose lives due to the smoke of cigarettes. Environment polluted with cigarettes’ smoke among children and aged individuals caused diseases as cancer and other respiratory diseases, which finally resulting in their death.
The issue of addition is considered as one of the key social issues in most countries. The problem is that youth get easily access to cigarettes everywhere. Therefore, they easily turn to using cigarettes and get addicted to it. Perhaps, in consideration to researches, continually using the cigarettes is the main element of deadly diseases. Identifying elements causing that a sound individual turns to using cigarettes is considered as one of the principal parts of fighting tobacco.
According to health experts, smoking cigarettes causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, disorders in sight, memory, heart palpitations, cancers of the oral cavity, esophagus and anemia and lung cancer. Nearly 30 percent of esophageal, gastric and oral cancers are caused by the continuous use of tobacco and cigarettes.
Health experts also say that cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body, causes many diseases, and reduces the health of smokers in general. Smoking also increases the risk of dying from cancer and other diseases in cancer patients and survivors.
World Health Organization (WHO) has asked all government to reduce smoking cigarettes level by 30 percent by launching no tobacco and no smoking programs till 2025. World countries have been convinced to enhance public awareness in connection with harms of tobacco. For example, using and smoking cigarettes should be banned in public places. Besides, adds related to using tobacco and its products should be prevented.
WHO has also asked the world countries to increased taxes on tobacco products and make those companies producing tobacco to publish terrible photos of harms of smoking cigarettes in small boxes of cigarettes.
Meanwhile, WHO has also convinced individuals to quit smoking cigarettes, saying that it will be not late for anyone who would like to quit smoking cigarettes.
In Afghanistan, the law on prevention of tobacco has been approved in five chapters and 24 articles. In its 10th article of the law, using cigarettes and using other tobacco related products is banned in public places as education and higher institutions.