Lack of water and its contamination, increasing the number of residents in the capital Kabul are among the factors that have caused the people to struggle in providing enough safe water for their households.
In some cases, the people are forced to turn to the expanding private water business for their needs: either by paying for water from mobile water tankers, subscribing to local private water supply companies or buying bottled “mineral water.”
Others incur travel costs to get water from public taps or pay for purifiers to filter contaminated water from their wells. The mushrooming private water business is expected to expand even further given the country’s changing water context as a result of climate change, population growth and government negligence in terms of prevention and regulation.
“However, there are almost twenty houses in our lane, except one, all of them have dug substandard septic wells,” a Kabul resident Samim said.
According to him, we cannot use underground water to drink any longer.
He added we always use mineral water to drink.
In fact, the more the population will rise, the harder the people’s life will be.
Most of the septic wells have been dug as substandard in the capital Kabul, the in-charges for urban water supply and canalization administration said.
The administration’s spokesperson Naweed Saeedi said it was very difficult to control these low-quality septic wells, adding his administration and the government are making effort to practice long-term plans to prevent further contamination of underground waters.
The administration’s in-charges say that they are working on a master plan for Kabul’s waste water. The master plan will cost $3.4 million and would be implemented in near future, according to Saeedi.
The project would be contracted with an international company and is expected to be completed in two years.
Thousands of wells have been sunk in Kabul in the last decade as the city’s population has more than doubled. But the water table has dropped several meters, and many settlements already experience water shortages.
This is while that earlier, the environment protection agency has declared that 70 percent of the Kabul’s underground waters have been polluted and existence of substandard wells are among the factors behind this.