By: Shukria Kohistani
Results of a fresh report of the UNHCR and the World Bank shows that those refugees who repatriated between 2014-2018 to Afghanistan, are leading a pitiful life due to lack of occupation facilities.
In this report the situation of repatriates has been compared with those Afghan refugees living in Pakistan UNHCR and the WB have found that economic living conditions of repatriates is much difficult comparing those residing in Pakistan. The report has been released under the title of “Knowhow of living condition and decisions on providing accommodation and employment opportunities for Afghan repatriates”.
The finding of the report added that most of the repatriates preferred to return to their original birth places but one third of them have been accommodated in Nangarhar and Kabul. For a number of these repatriates who have been settled in their original villages, poverty and lack of employment opportunities in rural areas have been changed to a big challenge.
The joint WB and UNHCR report explained that access to education following repatriation has been improved for both girls and boys and gender gap has been narrowed in schools.
The report adds and emphasize that as per the dimension of the Afghan refugees, sustainable and urgent measures are needed to solve those challenges.
The WB Afghanistan Director Henry Krali has said that to recognize basic daily needs of repatriates and solutions for removal of these needs, access to precise data and analysis of data are key components.
He has described this report as an effort for coordination between the two sides involved in refuges issues and for improving of distribution of humanitarian aids for refugees and IDPs.
UNHCR Afghanistan representative Karaln Van Bodin said that 2014 is conciding with 40th anniversary of Afghan refugees compulsory immigration from their mainland and while international efforts for volunteer repatriation of Afghan refugees, providing of humanitarian aids and their reintegration have been going on, more works are needed to be done.
In recent years, volunteer repatriation of Afghan refugees has increased from Iran and Pakistan as these IDPs and repatriates who are living in central remote areas, are not satisfied and demand further humanitarian aids form UN and other relief agencies.