The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.

Poverty & shortage of food threatening people’s life


16th of October is marked as the World Food Day globally. The day aims to raise public awareness about hunger challenges and encourage people around the world to take action in the fight against hunger.
The day was recognized by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Member Countries at the 20th General Conference of the Organization’s in November 1979. The event was ideated by Dr. Pal Romany, the former Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and at the Food Hungarian Delegation a constituent of the 20th Session of the FAO Conference. The day has since habitually observed in more than 150 countries world-wide and raises different issues for discussion for the global misery of hunger and poverty. After a period of decline, world hunger is on the rise again. Today, over 820 million people are suffering chronic undernourishment and have no access to enough food in the world, according to the latest Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), founded in 1945.
The right of access to food is one of 30 rights mentioned in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). According to 25th article of the UDHR, everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services.
Concern in this regard intensifies amid increasing of food prices in the world. On the other hand, distance between poor and rich is increasing day by day and this faces poor countries and communities with problems as they become incapable to provide food to their people.
One of key goals of the United Nations is to cut down the number of people suffering from chronic undernourishment and hunger by 50 percent. Conflict, extreme weather events linked to climate change, economic slowdown and rapidly increasing overweight and obesity levels are reversing progress made in the fight against hunger and malnutrition.
The phenomenon of hunger has now reached to even developed and industrial countries. This shows that the world is facing with injustice because of distribution of resources and livelihood possibilities.
In Afghanistan, nearly 36 percent people have no access to principal needs including food, while 61 percent of the country’s population cannot eat different food due to increasing of poverty in the country. According to reports, more than 60 percent of Afghanistan population is facing with increasing poverty and hunger caused by insecurities, conflict, drought, natural disasters and improper agricultural products.
To counter poverty and hunger in the country, the government should take particular steps and execute programs in agriculture sector as Afghanistan has adequate lands for agriculture. Moreover, Afghanistan government should create opportunities for greater private sector investment in agriculture, while boosting social protection programs for the vulnerable and linking food producers with urban areas.
Lailuma Noori

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.