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“Peace cannot be kept by force”

By: F. Makhdoom

8 a.m., one of Afghanistan’s most popular private newspapers, published an article captioned “Confrontation or Understanding” recently, arguing whether it was a real peace, going on between the government of Afghanistan and the Taliban, or only a game being played by the international and regional powers.
The article is seen to have been written by one of the country’s known female politicians and former Afghan lawmaker, Shukria Barkezay.
The author, in her article published in the 8 a.m. here in Kabul, focused on the weak process of the ongoing intra-Afghan peace negotiations as saying: “The agenda of peace talks between the Taliban and the government under the February 29, 2020 US-Taliban agreement was more colorful than the menu on the division and political-military power sharing in Afghanistan.”
The author, as in the paper, made an Albert Einstein’s quote, saying ‘Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding’ and continued that something important lost of the political among the two sides of negotiation was understanding and trust.
Whereas, the name, the political system and the flag of the country are among the disputed issues and there is no agreement on them, the expressions understanding and trust would be nothing except a word.
In the long run, the historical experience of peace talks, in Afghanistan, hasn’t had a positive and effective result, but only in the short run, for taking credit and extortion, it has paved the way for the exchange of conditions among the great regional and trans-region powers, the paper continued.
“Although the two sides of negotiation think they have the key to both peace and war, the evidence shows that the authors of the political power-sharing plan will go ahead with the chessboard of old pieces but new tactics,” said the paper.
The author regretted that in this game, the people of Afghanistan, women, intellectuals, human rights activists, the media, civil society and the influential and effective mindful of the country, because of their historical silence in the face of injustice and trade union disunity of this large idealistic reformist, will not be given share in power and decision-making.
According to the paper, regardless of the short and long term in reaching a peace agreement in the country, the game will go hotter and more inflamed because of the conflict of interests of the major players and the region that would negate the possibility of affecting to the fate of the Chinese Uyghurs in the long term.
The author went on as saying that in the peace process in which justice is the first victim, the discussions on the rights of citizenship, equality of citizens before the law, pluralism, women’s political participation, the position of Jaafari jurisprudence, the rights of religious minorities, freedom of expression, separation of powers, elections will simply give their concept and position to anarchism and extremism.
On the other, according to the author, there is no valid global guarantee including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the United Nations, the Conference of Islamic Countries as well as the countries interested in peace talks to monitor the implementation of the process.
At the same time, lack of a joint vision and joint position among the government’s negotiating team members, lack of a regional consensus among the powerful countries, conflicts of interest and differences over their share of war and peace in the country would a far greater challenge than war on the extremist groups, the paper said citing the author.
The author advised the people, to understand the current situation and experiencing the contemporary history, to not to become the fuel for others flame.
Also, with active political and diplomatic insight, understanding and mutual acceptance at the national and international levels, reform of political leadership, equal justice, understanding of mutual interests, inclusive political participation, equal role of women and civil society institutions with political groups and the potential use of reformist intellectual force to get mobilized for the national interests, ensuring security and the mass participation in the peace process from villages to cities, eliminate the culture of exemption and respect the separation of powers to help prevent the fall of the country.
The author continued bringing a verse of the Holy Quran for approving her thought as saying “Peace is better” and concluded saying: “Let us put an end to the story of 40-years-old war, with a firm will Let us put an end to the story of forty-five years of proxy war in the country and let help peace and security come true, like other world nations who tried to achieve peace and justice as the basic necessity of their society.

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