By: Lailuma Noori
26 June is observed as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. Cultivation, production and illicit trafficking of drugs are considered as the biggest dream of world countries in the 21st century.
International Conference on Counter Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking was formed by the United Nations in Vienna city from 17 – 26 June 1987 to express full political determination in connection with counter narcotics. In the conference, a document titled C.M.O was approved by member countries. The document is considered as an expression of its determination to strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goals of an international society free of drug abuse.
The document is also considered as a comprehensive policy in fighting and controlling drug and narcotics and making member countries to seriously follow measures towards counter narcotics.
In this conference, a document was prepared in 4 chapters in which more than 35 practical measures such as assessment of consumption, prevention via education, role of media in returning addicts to society and their treatment, eradication of illegal poppy fields, rooting of major drug trafficking networks and the legal cooperation of countries are included.
Afghanistan is now facing with increasing narcotics as poppy cultivation and production are increasing by passing each day in the country. The main reason of increasing poppy cultivation and production of narcotics in the country is continued war and instability. Despite financial support from Pakistan’s ISI, the Taliban need some domestic financial resources to continue war in Afghanistan. To do so, the group promotes poppy cultivation under their control areas.
In addition to promotion of poppy cultivation, some Taliban commanders are involved in drug-trafficking and trade of drugs; therefore, poppy cultivation has increased in most areas in the country. On the other hand, a number of Afghanistan’s neighbours have some parts in increasing poppy cultivation.
For example, chemical materials are needed to produce narcotics and other types of drugs. Therefore, neighboring countries help the Taliban group to produce different types of drugs to traffic to other countries of the world. It is said that 14,000 tons chemical stuffs provided only by Pakistan and Iran are needed to produce 7,000 tons of narcotics in Afghanistan. Pakistan’s intelligence network is clearly supporting the Taliban group in producing narcotics and drugs in Afghanistan to destabilize the country and destroy the country’s economic system.
Areas where poppy is cultivated is mostly in Afghanistan’s south, west and east. Afghanistan’s Helmand and Kandahar are producing the country’s 65 percent of poppy. Besides, Nangarhar, Farah, Nimroz and Herat are other provinces cultivating poppy and producing narcotics, while in the country’s central and northern provinces, hashish is widely producing. So far, no comprehensive plan has been made for reduction and full eradication of narcotics and poppy cultivation in Afghanistan. On the other hand, continued war has prevented from most plans if made for fully rooting out the phenomenon in the country. Now, we should wait and see whether any peace agreement can prevent from increasing poppy cultivation in the country or not.