By: Lailuma Noori
Held annually on 5 October since 1994, World Teachers’ Day commemorates the anniversary of the adoption of the 1966 UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers. This Recommendation sets benchmarks regarding the rights and responsibilities of teachers and standards for their initial preparation and further education, recruitment, employment, and teaching and learning conditions.
World Teachers’ Day is co-convened in partnership with UNICEF, the International Labour Organization and Education International. In 2020, World Teachers’ Day will celebrate teachers with the theme “Teachers: Leading in crisis, reimagining the future”. The day provides the occasion to celebrate the teaching profession worldwide, take stock of achievements, and draw attention to the voices of teachers, who are at the heart of efforts to attain the global education target of leaving no one behind.
In Afghanistan, teachers are following their tasks in circumstances in which various problems such as economic, political and security area increasing day by day. Continued war and increasing insecurities are considered as the most principal challenges and problems facing Afghan teachers in the country.
It has been repeatedly seen that teachers have been targeted and schools have been attacked and torched. Armed groups are illegally and irresponsibly are taking the control of schools and monitoring teachers. In some areas, even ransom is taken from teachers’ salaries or teachers are forced to execute unprofessional tasks.
In addition, based on information of the country’s ministry of education, currently nearly 3.7 million children are deprived from going to school in Afghanistan. Lack of professional teachers and employees, lack of school buildings, lack of textbooks and materials, unstandardized tests, problems in curriculum, weak administration and others are a range of problems facing education system in Afghanistan.
It should be said that working with students from very primary to the highest level is considered as the most difficult and heaviest responsibilities that are only fulfilled by teachers with full honesty and human impetus. Besides all these problems and deprivations, the issue of threatening and beheading teachers by Taliban in some parts of the country has added to problems of teachers in the country.
Therefore, effort to address shortcomings and needs of teachers is the legal responsibility of the government. It is once again insisted that maintaining necessary learning materials, improvement of teaching environment, building the capacity of teachers, delivering services and fulfilling necessary support from the country’s teachers and providing efficient salary and residential land are a range of areas that can show a clear image of the government and education system in legalized framework.
Therefore, all countries of the world are working hard to deploy merit, intelligent, committed and professional teachers and spend considerable budget in education as the base of a country is formed with education. In our country, it is necessary that most of investment should be carried out on education of youths and children as they are the future makers of the country.
Thus, marking World Teachers’ Day should not be symbolic; instead, plans should be made to address the pains and challenges of the country’s teachers.