By: Lailuma Noori
Hoot 27 is ‘National Journalist Day’ in Afghanistan. In 1978, a declaration was approved by UNESCO on Fundamental Principles concerning the Contribution of the Mass Media to Strengthening Peace and International Understanding, to the Promotion of Human Rights and to Countering Racialism, apartheid and incitement to war.
According to the declaration, the mass media have an important contribution to make to the strengthening of peace and international understanding and in countering racialism, apartheid and incitement to war.
In countering aggressive war, racialism, apartheid and other violations of human rights which are inter alia spawned by prejudice and ignorance, the mass media, by disseminating information on the aims, aspirations, cultures and needs of all peoples, contribute to eliminate ignorance and misunderstanding between peoples, to make nationals of a country sensitive to the needs and desires of others, to ensure the respect of the rights and dignity of all nations, all peoples and all individuals without distinction of race, sex, language, religion or nationality and to draw attention to the great evils which afflict humanity, such as poverty, malnutrition and diseases, thereby promoting the formulation by States of the policies best able to promote the reduction of international tension and the peaceful and equitable settlement of international disputes.
By disseminating more widely all of the information concerning the universally accepted objectives and principles which are the bases of the resolutions adopted by the different organs of the United Nations, the mass media contribute effectively to the strengthening of peace and international understanding, to the promotion of human rights, and to the establishment of a more.
In Afghanistan, mass media has developed considerably in the past 19 years as journalists are now considered as the most significant players of freedom of expression in the country. Afghan local journalists have written, said and made effort despite of various challenges and problems.
Journalists also need the support of the people and have the responsibility towards the people and public thoughts. In fact, journalism is one of the most challenging responsibilities. Work of a journalist has direct impact on public minds and destiny of a society. People are usually informed through journalist. Therefore, impartiality is considered as one of the key principle of journalism, but unfortunately some media outlets have no proper and necessary impartiality in producing and broadcasting news reports.
On the other hand, Afghan local journalists are facing with serious challenges. Lack of access to precision information is one of the key challenges facing Afghan journalists in the country. Increasing insecurities has now changed to another big challenge towards work and profession of journalism in Afghanistan.
Currently, Afghan local journalists have no life safety and now facing with various challenges and problems amid of increasing insecurities and targeted killings in the country.
Being journalist has now changed to one of the most dangerous profession in Afghanistan as all sides to ongoing conflict in the country have not been committed to protection of the life and safety of journalists.
The country’s security organs still have not been able to ensure the security and life safety of Afghan local journalists. Increasing insecurities can put negative impact on mass media and work of journalists. The National Journalist Day comes amid of increasing insecurities as a result of which dozens of Afghan journalists have been killed in the past few years.