By: Suraya Raiszada
Upon arriving the holy month of Ramadan, world countries and Afghanistan government have asked the Taliban group for ending violence and entering the intra-Afghan dialogue.
In consideration to coronavirus outbreak in Afghanistan as well as the world, Muslims around the world will experience the holy month of Ramadan in a different way comparing to previous years.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in a video message has once again asked the Taliban group to maintain ceasefire and stop violence in the country to respect the holy month of Ramadan and fight coronavirus in the country.
Meanwhile, NATO General Secretary, German Prime Minister, US officials, Afghanistan government and ulama council, civil society organizations and Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) have asked the Taliban group to end violence and declare ceasefire in the country.
NATO in a statement has called on the Taliban group to reduce violence and create the conditions conductive to commence negotiations and to fulfill its commitments to ensure that terrorists never again find safe haven on Afghan soil.
In the statement, NATO has considered negotiations as historic opportunity for ending the continued war in Afghanistan and called on the Taliban that ceasefire is the best option to reach peace.
Meanwhile, on arriving of the holy month of Ramadan, UN General Secretary has also called on world countries and all sides to the ongoing conflict in the world in particular Afghanistan to maintain ceasefire in order to further fight the coronavirus.
German Prime Minister Angela Merkel in a message issued on the occasion of the holy month of Ramadan hoped that Muslims fulfill their religious rituals in exceptional conditions of coronavirus outbreak in the world.
In Afghanistan, Lower House of parliament has asked the Taliban group to declare ceasefire during the holy month of Ramadan to better fight the coronavirus in the country.
Civil society and human rights organizations say Taliban and Afghanistan government are anticipated to agree on ending violence, protect human rights and maintain rule of law in the country.
But, despite of continued diplomatic efforts, Taliban has said no to ceasefire and entering direct negotiations with Afghanistan government.
So far, no meeting or direct negations have been held between Afghanistan government and the Taliban group and it is believed that no peace meeting will be productive without presence of Afghanistan government.
“Unfortunately the ceasefire plan demanded repeatedly by Afghanistan government and international community from the Taliban group has been repeatedly rejected by the group,” said Ahmad Imran, an Afghan researcher and expert.
Afghan experts believe that ceasefire is the only option for starting the intra-Afghan dialogue, but it is good that US should guarantee that ceasefire can result in maintaining peace and ending the ongoing violence in the country.
It is worth mentioning that ceasefire was once maintained and declared by the Taliban and Afghanistan government on Eid days two years ago and it was a good opportunity for both sides to agree on ending violence; therefore, it is now a good time for all sides to the ongoing conflict in particular the Taliban to accept maintaining ceasefire in the country.