By: Suraya Raiszada
Following debate on possible formation of interim government by a number of Afghan politicians and political parties, US has recently proposed a plan for peace in Afghanistan.
Afghan political experts believe that it is the people of Afghanistan who can decide on change of the government and possible formation of government in the country rather than foreigners. They say any plan for possible formation of the interim government can lead the country to crisis.
According to reports, US special peace envoy for Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad has submitted the draft plan for peace in Afghanistan to President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, head of High Council for National Reconciliation Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, political leaders, civil society activists and members of Taliban group.
In reaction to the draft plan for formation of possible interim government, Afghanistan government has rejected the draft plan for such a government, saying that any government created through conference or any political deal won’t be acceptable.
Political experts believe that formation of possible interim government will open door to foreigners for permanently interfering in internal affairs of Afghanistan. They say Taliban would continue peace talks based on ceasefire in the country if they had the support of people, religious legitimacy and domestic decision.
Meanwhile, Afghanistan National Security Advisor Hamdullah Muhib in his recent remarks has said that the new draft plan of US special peace envoy Zalmay Khalilzad is not the plan of the US administration, saying that the plan has been made to expedite the peace process and it has been concentrated on division and sharing the power to address security problems.
On the other hand, officials for the state ministry of peace affair say the issue of formation of possible interim government and remarks in this regard is against the principles of peace talks. They say demands and proposals of either side should be debated under the framework of peace talks.
Special Inspector General has warned that security remains crucial and at high risk, with or without sustainable peace and ceasefire the country will be threatened by many other extremist organizations.
In the SIGAR’s 2021 High-Risk report, John F. Sopko Special inspector general said “with or without a sustainable peace agreement and nationwide ceasefire, Afghanistan will likely continue to be threatened by multiple violent-extremist organizations”.
The report added that the security situation remains crucial and at high risk in the country because the Taliban have not changed their battle tactics, and extreme violence, political objectives, terrorist groups like Islamic State Khorasan (Daesh) and Al Qaeda still remains in the country.
According to the report “Any political agreement risks subordinate groups going rogue, possibly manifesting as another insurgency or insecurity from criminal gangs or networks. This comes amid of efforts towards starting debates for formation of possible inclusive government through a conference to be attended by members of the Taliban and Afghanistan government, but the government has rejected talks on formation of any interim or inclusive government in the country.