The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.
Politics

India supports Afghan government’s peace position

54249340 waving flag of india and afghanistan
Waving flag of India and Afghanistan

Following the utterances of Pakistan PM Imran Khan on formation of a new government in Afghanistan and end of war, a number of retired Indian diplomats including one of former Indian ambassadors in Kabul wrote that the New Delhi has frankly told US special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad that India doesn’t want an interim administration be setup in Afghanistan with reduction of American troops.
According to some Indian diplomats, India has told Khalilzad that the new Afghan government should also be an elected one and enjoy electoral legitimacy. Interim or transitional governments have no electoral legitimacy and on certain occasions that a country transits from war to peace or from dictatorship to democracy, an interim administration would be setup.
This is a very hard discussion in academic, media and political circles that if finally Taliban are satisfied with end of war, how they would join a representative democracy?
In a recent research of Afghanistan Institute on Strategic Studies (AISS) different political solutions for war have been introduced. Based on this research written by Dr. Samad Sadr, in every war that culminates to a political solution, at the conclusion, the insurgents either take part in election or beside taking part in election, the government shares the power of the central government with them.
In some cases, the insurgents beside gaining the concession of sharing the power and taking part in election, get access to a kind of autonomy in their areas of domination.
But, so far the Taliban have hot said yes neither to take part in election, autonomy nor sharing power in central government.
Taliban have presented no plan from the address of their organization for the political settlement of war and way of its implementation.
But the figures close to Taliban and those who have negotiated this group, quoting the Taliban negotiators said that this group is in favor of a transitional administration.
In research of Dr. Samad Sadr too, transitional administration has been introduced as one of the implementation forms of political solution of war. Transitional administration is established in many countries to move from war to peace.
But president Ghani administration is only satisfied to a solution to pave the way for Taliban participation in upcoming presidential elections. This government may not have a problem with power sharing of the central administration with Taliban.
But ultimately he wants the Taliban to accept ceasefire, be changed to a political party, take part in presidential election and examine their lot.
Unofficial Taliban spokesmen have also said that the leaders of Quetta council believe that if they attend the election organized under the umbrella of Post-Bonn Political System, the Taliban political life as an organization would be ended.Due to this reason, formation of a transitional administration is a hard discussion.
Taliban are not satisfied to talk with the government. Ultimately they want to talk with parties and politicians out of government and the government representatives can take part in talks as a group.
Its clear that when groups talking to each other, formation of a transitional administration to move to a new political system is discussed.
Most of Kabul-based politicians believe that Pakistan is also in favor of a transitional administration. Pakistani experts of Afghanistan close to Pakistan establishment also defend formation of a transitional administration. For instance former ambassador of Pakistan to Kabul Rostam Shah Mohmand who is very close to Pakistan Establishment, in an article has suggested a coalition transitional administration for Afghanistan. We can implicate from recent comments of PM Imran Khan that Islamabad is also in favor of formation of a transitional administration in Kabul.
Certainly, Pakistani generals and strategists have concluded that a transitional administration with partnership of Taliban would pave the way for decisive influence of Islamabad in Afghanistan power relations.
American expert of Afghanistan Barrant Robin has said that five major goals of Pakistan include:
1- withdrawal of American troops
2- Restriction of Kabul-Delhi relations.
3- Free trade access of Pakistan to Central Asia without giving concession to Afghanistan have to access to India via Pakistan
4- Agreement on common water regions in benefit of Pakistan
5- Official recognition of Durand Line.
If these goals are met according to Pakistan wishes, Afghanistan would be downsized in the role of a Pakistani agency. At present India supports position of President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani government.
End of war in Afghanistan is imaginable only when all global and regional powers agree on political future of Afghanistan and domestic political forces also support it. If the situation moves to a direction that merely one country play decisive role in Afghanistan power relations, other powers may feel danger and the war would be restarted.
Lailuma Noori

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The Kabul times, Afghanistan Trustable News Agency.