By: Shukria Kohistani
Since 1987, the United Nations celebrates 26 June as International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. The organization celebrates the day with the motto “Health for Justice and Justice for Health.”
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has called on the international community to raise the technical capacity of government and non-governmental organizations to effectively fight narcotics.
The spokesperson to Afghanistan’s counternarcotic justice and judicial center Khalid Mowahed says that capacity has increased in Afghanistan’s institutions compared to the past, that is why they have been able to reduce opium trafficking level in the country.
He added but vice versa, the smuggling of artificial chemicals and narcotics being used in narcotics’ processing has increased in Afghanistan.
In the past, heroin and morphine could be found on border points which was proving that they have been producing inside the country, but now, figures and researches suggest that narcotics’ production geography has changed and their trafficking has considerably been controlled, according to him.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) believes that accountable organizations, offering effective social and health services are needed to fight drugs.
In the past three months, 321 people have been arrested by Afghan security entities for drug trafficking, among whom 293 were sentenced to one to thirty years jail by the courts of Afghanistan’s counternarcotics justice and judicial center.
Calling the governments and international organizations guilty on increasing drug trafficking and using, former deputy of the interior ministry Mirza Mohammad Yarmand said they have not prioritized counternarcotics and their moves were more reactive in this respect.
“The smuggling phenomenon is rising with each passing year, because we don’t have preventive step in this regard. Therefore, there are many issues that the world countries should decide on them, first, international market for drugs should be destroyed and second, they should do their best to reduce the demands’ level worldwide so to prevent pouring billions of dollars in the pockets of narcot-mafia in Afghanistan,” he added. Last year, two conferences were held in Kabul and Islamabad, and the regional experts discussed the regional strategy draft to fight narcotics, but these discussions did not yield results and did not lead to codification of the strategy. Mr. Yarmand believes that although the neighboring countries of Afghanistan call themselves vulnerable, but due to relations between a number of groups and government officials with drug smuggler networks, they are not willing to jointly fight drugs.
The people say that if the government of Afghanistan and the international community had seriously fought the phenomenon, our countrymen would not have faced with it.
This is while each year, the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is held in the government administrations, but still there are many problems in this regard.