Afghanistan government in its efforts towards maintaining peace in the country presented new roadmap for peace talks to the two-day Geneva summit held on Nov 27 and 28.
The roadmap presented by President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani at the Geneva summit has been planned for several phases and to be implemented within five years. In the roadmap, all authorizations for peace talks with the Taliban group have been given to a 12-member negotiating team.
“We seek a peace agreement in which the Afghan Taliban would be included in a democratic and inclusive society,” President Ghani told the summit.
In the respective roadmap, Afghanistan government has stressed that the peace process would have five phases starting with an intra-Afghan dialogue, followed by discussions with Pakistan and the United States, then regional actors, China and India and the Arab Islamic world including Indonesia, and finally NATO and non-NATO countries.
A number of Afghan political experts have different visions in connection with the government’s new roadmap for peace talks and believe that the roadmap will be effective at a time when the government share all articles of the roadmap with the people and implement them in consultation with Afghan people.
“Taliban claims that they have the control of nearly 50 percent of Afghanistan; therefore, the group should be first convinced and made to accept the roadmap, and on the other hand, the government should include representatives of political parties, civil society organizations and women activists in the negotiating team for talks with the Taliban group,” said Natiqi, a representative of political parties.
He added that peace efforts would be only effective when followed under the Afghan-owned and Afghan-led process.
“One of key issues that are stressed in the new peace roadmap is role of Afghanistan’s neighboring countries as role and cooperation of regional countries can be good for Afghanistan peace process,” Natiqi said, stressing that regional countries should stop interfering in internal affairs of Afghanistan and honestly work with Afghans for maintaining peace in the country.
Although Afghan experts consider the Afghan government’s new roadmap for peace talks with the Taliban group as significant. A political expert Hemat says the road map cannot lonely result in maintaining peace in the country unless a big consensus is created in national, regional and international level, and regional and world countries take honestly and practical steps in this regard.
Another Afghan political expert Jamal Farahmand also considered the Afghan government’s peace roadmap as effective for regional convergence, joint counter terrorism effort, economic development and maintaining peace in the country, but asking Afghanistan government to take the initiative on its hand and not let the country become a ground for competitions of regional countries.
It is worth mentioning that Afghanistan government has continuously made efforts for maintaining peace and stability in the country, but all efforts have failed to convince the Taliban group for peace talks as insecurities are increasing day by day in various parts of the country.