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Digging arbitrary deep wells, drought cause underground waters reduction

Afghanistan is a mountainous and landlocked country and from among six neighbors, with five ones has water commonality.
In Amu zone with Tajikistan that then the Amu river flowing to Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
In Hariroad zone, Murghab with Turkmenistan and Iran, in the zone of Helmand river with Iran and in Kabul river has water commonality with Pakistan.
There are two varieties of water shortage that its first kind is physically and second one is lack of access to water because of economic problems.
Based on international sources’ data, Afghanistan is facing with water shortage physically.
As a result of economic problems, our people have less access to water resources.
In international politics, water is a matter of friendship and cooperation or causes enmity between the nations.
Based on UN figures, 104 billion cum. water is usable for human being. Based on the same, beside maintaining energy and food, water immunity also is one of important issues in foreign policies of the countries.
Non-management of water is the basic problem that would cause crisis in the future.
Seasonal diversity is also one of problems in this field and need is felt that within rainfalls, water should be stored so that within shortage of water, the same should be used.
This problem removes with construction of dams.
This was stated by general director of water of ministry of energy and water, Sultan Mahmoud Mahmoudi.
He added: Construction of such dams also prevent from flowing of floods. In connection with water crisis, general director of water management of ministry of energy and water said that shortage of water not only in Afghanistan but in majorty of world countries is regarding as a great challenge.
Foreign countries evaluate this issue as their first grade problem and took effective steps for its solution.
He added: As of 40 years to date, Afghanistan is burning in the flames of imposed and proxy wars.
Within recent years, as an unhalting natural calamity, drought threatens all parts of the country. Mahmoudi asserted that this problem caused severe shortage of water be felt and even in world level, the issue faces the people with crisis.
Based on recent researches conducted by this ministry, after 1960 to date, rainfall reduced gradually.
Likewise, along with climate changes and drought, the environment injuries, such as fleedings, water pollution, damaging of botanic floors are also increased.
He continued that as a result of climate changes and unprecedented reduction of raining, Afghanistan faced with severe and harsh drought as the level of water in rivers reduced till 60 grade.
According to researches, in Kabul city, the level of underground waters dropped 14m as average and from among 40000 wells its over 30 percent wells have been dried in this city. Mohmoudi maintained.
He said, I demand from people not to resort to digging of arbitarary wells sans any studying.
Now that the underground waters have been reduced need is felt more comparing any time for studying.
The spokesman of ministry of agriculture, Akbar Rustami in connection with water shortage in the country said that within recent few years, drought has its own eye-catching impact on agriculture and cattle-breeding.
The government of Afghanistan has proclaimed that as a result of these changes, the surface waters of Afghanistan has been reduced.
He added that the underground waters also lowered till eight meters countrywide.
The agricultural fields are irrigating in Afghanistan as traditionally and didn’t mechanized so far.
The farmers are equipped with primary means. Rustami continued.
He said that cattle-breeding is a sector that affected from drought and this calamity eliminated 60 percent of quadrupeds in Afghanistan.
Cattle-breeders forced to sell their quadrupeds in lower price because of non existence of sufficient herb, Rustami continued: In 2017 the wheat production of Afghanistan estimated 307 million tons and annually, this country needs to over four million tons wheat.
He added, flowing of waters of Afghanistan to neighboring countries is a serious problem for Afghanistan.
If the access of farmers to sufficient water increased, the water supply systems and water reservoirs be built, within next ten years, Afghanistan would become self-sufficient from production of wheat point of view.
Head of greenery of environment national authority, Mohammad KazemHumayoun in connection with water crisis said that consecutive droughts within recent twenty years and digging of unprofessional deep wells caused the level of underground waters belowered in Kabul and other cities of the country.
The septic wells should be designed in a manner that the distance between level of waters and septic wells not to be joined with each dirt waters within one hundred till 150 years.
In this time, these materials eliminates and doesn’t pollute human-being and environment.
To keep clean underground waters, the canalization system should be built. But this system needs more fund. Humayoun said.
He added, Afghanistan is facing with danger of drought. Because the underground waters are not being used in a good manner.
This is in a time that Afghanistan lacks sufficient water obtained technically. This not only causes the lowering of level of water in underground but causes a number of environment problems.
He continued, the water of rivers are useful. But our only problem doesn’t solve with changing of direction of water.
Unprofessional wells in houses of people and unreasonable expenditure of water causes we face with lack of water.
Ali Ahmad

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The Kabul Times.