By: Suraya Raiszada
While optimism about peace talks grows, a number of experts and parliamentarians blame the long war behind civilians casualties, saying the Taliban are the main cause of civilian death in Afghanistan.
The government of Afghanistan has always blamed the Taliban militants for being behind civilian casualties in the country as the group uses civilians as human shields.
In the first ten days of Ramadan, 63 civilians were killed and 180 others wounded in Taliban attacks in the country, the Afghan Ministry of Interior said.
According to the ministry, 63 civilians were killed and 180 others were wounded in Taliban attacks in different parts of the country between June 25 and May 25.
The ministry added that the victims, including women and children, happened following six suicide attacks and 62 landmine explosions.
Meanwhile, the Independent Human Rights Commission has expressed concern over the increase in civilian casualties, saying that the Taliban are the main cause of civilian death in Afghanistan.
The commission says targeting civilians by both the government and anti-government fighters violates the constitution and international humanitarian law. The commission urged both sides to reduce violation and prevent civilian casualties.
The increase in civilian casualties has always been a worrying issue not only for the people and government of Afghanistan but also for the international community, said the commission.
In its latest report, the United Nations (UN) has called on the Afghan government and the opposition groups to avoid harming civilians.
UNAMA also said that the parties to the conflict must ensure their obligations under international law and that all parties involved must avoid direct attacks on individuals and civilian targets.
Civil society entities have also repeatedly called on the parties to the conflict in the country to refrain from targeting civilians during armed clashes, but despite these demands, civilians continue to fall victim to war.
Civil society member Safia Siddiqi said the Afghan government and the Taliban should prevent civilian casualties.
By spring, this solar year, insecurity increased in Afghanistan and the Taliban once again launched heavy attacks on cities and districts. During May, Farah province and several districts in Baghlan, Badakhshan, Ghazni and Faryab witnessed growing violence, mostly against civilians.
Meanwhile, the House of People blamed the Taliban outfit for increasing attacks and civilian casualties as their failure to reach an agreement with the United States.
The Government of Afghanistan calls itself committed to complying with international law and conventions for the protection of civilian lives and has always said that it will try not to harm civilians. Meantime, a number of religious scholars believed that the ongoing wars in Afghanistan have caused citizens, especially children and women, to be most vulnerable.
“Unfortunately, the issue of civilian casualties has been one of the most controversial issues in recent years because the parties to the conflict and government forces have been accused of harming civilians,” Javid Kohistani, a political expert, said.
He stressed that coordination between government forces during conflicts could reduce civilian casualties to some extent. “Civilians have always been targeted in areas and provinces where the Taliban and government forces are involved in clash.” Following an extraordinary meeting with the high security officials, President Ghani called for a mechanism and method of conducting operations to reduce civilian casualties in the country. On the other, domestic and foreign security officials have submitted their plans to the president to prevent civilian casualties, but unfortunately civilians are still the main victims of the war in Afghanistan.
In recent years, civilian casualties have been a serious concern for the Afghan government and people.