By: Lailuma Noori
On 27 April 1978, parts of the Afghan army’s 4th Tank Brigade based in Pul-e Charkhi on the eastern outskirts of Kabul moved towards the former royal palace where President Muhammad Daud was residing. The tanks were ostensibly meant to protect the president. But actually, the tanks were on their way to topple Daud Khan. The tanks attacked first the ministry of defense and then the presidential palace also targeted by air strikes.
Daud Khan refused to capitulate and drew a pistol on the officers who came to arrest him. He was executed along with all 18 of his family members in the country at the time. The step was completely against the people of Afghanistan.
The ‘Saur (April) Revolution’ finally toppled Daud Khan and killed most of his family members. On the same day, the Hezb-e Democratic-e Khalq-e Afghanistan (People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan, PDPA) took the power.
It was also Qader who, as the head of a Revolutionary Military Council, announced the success of the coup over national radio on the afternoon of 27 April. (According to one source, Watanjar read out the same text in Pashto.)
Two days later, the military council handed power over to a civilian government.
On 30 April, the first two decrees of the new government were published, announcing that PDPA leader Taraky was appointed head of state and prime minister. Karmal and Amin were made his deputies; Amin also was foreign minister.
All of them had been liberated by the military plotters on 28 April who knocked down the mud wall of Sedarat prison in central Kabul with their tanks. Amin was leading operations with a handcuff still around one wrist.
Qader became the PDPA’s first defence minister.
The country was renamed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. The new regime allied itself with the Soviet Union, while claiming to be non-communist, and embarked on radical reforms.
8th Saur incident: The 8th of Saur, which is called the anniversary of the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Afghanistan, the Mojahedin managed to celebrate the fall of their government after years of fighting the Soviet Red Army and the then government December, 26,1979.
The communist coup on April 28, 1978, became a good platform for the Soviet Red Army to invade Afghanistan, and on the country was invaded by the Red Army. With the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, the resistance of the Muslim people of this country, which had long begun against the coup government, gradually increased.
After the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, the Najibullah regime resisted until Saur in 1992, but eventually fell, and on the night of Saur 8, the news of Najibullah’s removal from power was announced.
With the fall of Najibullah’s government, the transitional government of the Mojahedin, which had announced its presence in Peshawar, Pakistan, led by Sabghatullah Mujaddedi, entered Kabul, and the Muslim Mujahideen of Afghanistan seized power on April 29, 1992.
And this is how the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Afghanistan was celebrated, although civil wars soon broke out and Afghanistan entered another phase of political crisis. The people of Afghanistan believe that the 7th and 8th Saur were two different incidents with a single outcome which has brought catastrophes, migration and civil wars nothing else.