By: Lailuma Noori
Exactly 40 years before, the residents of Kabul upraised against the then USSR invasion with chanting slogans of Allah-o-Akbar and according to news sources, tens of people were killed or injured in this day, 3rd of Hoot 1358 (1980).
According to observers the historians address 3rd Hoot as one of the civil movements of Kabul inhabitants as in that day people appeared on the streets and roads and staged anti-USSR demonstrations. The uprising quickly spread to four directions of the capital Kabul.
According to eyewitnesses, even a group of women also rallied in Haji Yaqoob circle, in Shahr-e-Now.
The Soviet authorities and their Afghan allies reacted strongly and employed tanks to suppress the demonstrators, street battles started and the demonstrators sustained tragic defeat. Late on 3rd of Hoot the ruling government prohibited gathering of over 4 people and imposed night curfew in Kabul. Mass arrests started and continued for subsequent weeks and months. According to people, large number of these arrested never returned.
According to available repots, the protests continued for over 6 days with closure of shops and most likely over 800 people were killed. In the beginning, the security forces arrested about 200 people in Sherpur area before the uprising to intimidate the rest of the people including a number of people loyal to Khalq faction of PDPA who was deposed from power by Soviets and replaced by Parchamis another faction of PDPA. About two months earler, the leader of Khalq faction Hafizullah Amin was killed by a special operation of Soviet troops. This caused that a number of people refuse to attend the uprising.
Since the beginning, the Russians realised that people resisted against them and their occupation strongly and had concluded that they (Russians) will be defeated in this territory.
During their presence, they suggested talks to withdraw respectably from Afghanistan . Indirect peace talks started between Afghan-Pakistan governments in Geneva, Swiss. Finally, an agreement was inked and the than USSR Red Army left Afghanistan after 9 years, one month and 16 days but inflicted heavy and irreparable losses and damages and devastating social-ethnic polarization on our poor people, culture and history.
This uprising took place for humanitarian goals of Afghans and decorated pages of our history. History has always been trustworthy, keeps the bitter realities of the past in its chest as a great pride, narrates resistance of a big nation against the Super Power of the time.