By: Lailuma Noori
The International Day for Eradication of Poverty is an international observance celebrated each year on October 17 throughout the world. Through a resolution adopted on 22 December 1992, the UN General Assembly declared 17 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. The observance of the day can be traced back to 17 October 1987.
On that day, over a hundred thousand people gathered at the Trocadrero in Paris, where the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed in 1948, to honor the victims of extreme poverty, violence and hunger. They proclaimed that poverty is a violation of human rights and affirmed the need to come together to ensure that these rights are respected.
Since then, people of all backgrounds, beliefs and social origins have gathered every year on October 17th to renew their commitment and show their solidarity with the poor people.
Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon that results in social suffering, violence and lack of freedom in consideration to social, cultural and economic circumstances of a country.
Poverty is also considered as an unpleasant phenomenon and social fact that should not be existed in a human society.
The most significant factors of increasing poverty are natural disasters as earthquake, floods, drought, continued war, insecurities, unsound economic relations with neighboring countries, lack of investment in infrastructural sector and increasing unemployment.
Afghanistan from the point of geographical location has lots of natural resources, human capacities and opportunities that can be used for reduction of poverty and unemployment by adopting practical measures, comprehensive policies and creating long-term work opportunities.
On the other hand, positive change in lives of the people and providing employment opportunities have direct link to industrial development. Industry plays key role in economic development and reduction of poverty in the country.
In the past 19 years in Afghanistan, continued war has caused that government pays all its attention to war. Fighting poverty and unemployment in the country require lasting peace and stability, meaning that economic challenges won’t be addressed until Afghanistan and its people do not reach lasting peace and stability.
In Afghanistan, the UN OCHA has put Afghanistan in top for poverty level. Based on information of Afghanistan National Statistics Authority, 54.5 percent of the country’s population is living in poverty, while the rest 44 percent of the country’s population has little access to sufficient food on daily basis.
It is worth mentioning that currently poverty has unprecedentedly increased and the situation is getting worse day by day due to continued war and violence, increasing unemployment, COVID-19 pandemic and lack of foreign assistance in Afghanistan.