Politics

Law should be seriously enforced on corrupt individuals

9 December is the International Day for Anti- Corruption and the United Nations has asked all countries of the world to make effort towards counter corruption.
International Anti-Corruption Day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in 2003 in an effort to highlight the negative impact of corruption on economic development and government stability. It is celebrated annually on December 9, a celebration that also show cases the role of the UN’s Convention against Corruption in preventing further corruption.
Transparency International by using corruption perception index categorizes countries based on current corruption scale among government officials and politicians. In other words, the paragon is an index which shows corruption rank in general section of a country among other countries of the world.
According to the scale, higher-ranked countries are those where financial corruption is very low among government officials and politicians, while lower-ranked countries are those where financial corruption is very high among government officials and politicians.
Over two-thirds of the 176 countries and territories in this year’s index fall below the midpoint of our scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). The index is published every year based on particular standards of Transparency International.
Transparency International has offices in 180 countries and prepared its annual reports based on standards as reviewing government management in countries, situations for access of citizens to public services and legal and judicial structures. 
Corruption is an international phenomenon which people in all countries of the world are facing with, but based on its evidence, countries facing with poverty are more suffering from corruption that can affect economic development and distracts budgets need to be spent in education, health and other sectors.  
Corruption includes various acts such as bribe and embezzlement. Government or political corruption occurs when a government official or employee makes use of official capacities for personal benefits. Moreover, Corruption is a serious crime that can undermine social and economic development in all societies. No country, region or community is immune.
In Afghanistan, National Unity Government (UNG) has considered corruption as a big threat to development of the country and pledged to the people and international community that the government is seriously committed to rooting out corruption in the country as particular steps have been taken towards fighting corruption in the country. 
Moreover, corruption has negative impact on security and economic situation as well as has key role in strengthening and supporting terrorism. Integrity Watch admits that Afghanistan government has started efforts for counter corruption in the country.
Leaders of national unity government has always stressed on serious political determinant for rooting out corruption in the country. 
Transparency and providing overseeing pavements in connection with spending sources and possibilities particularly in contracts can be other ways for counter corruption in vision of the government.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani has clarified that the culture of impunity would replace with the culture of punishments and implementation of justice. This will be very important for counter corruption in government institutions as practical steps have been taken in this regard. 
Overseeing and controlling systems have been created by the government and increasing efforts are underway for monitoring and controlling government institutions to prevent from corruption, improve service delivery and enhance working effectiveness.
Lailuma Nooria

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