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kabul
December 16, 2018
The Kabul Times

Geneva Conference on Afghanistan

The Geneva Conference on Afghanistan will be co-hosted by the Afghan government and the United Nations on 27th and 28th November 2018. This will be an opportunity for the Afghan government and the international community to review past commitments and lay the groundwork for cooperation until 2020 and beyond.
Leading a high-level delegation, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani left Kabul on Monday morning for Switzerland’s Geneva to attend the key meeting on Afghanistan.President Ghani will deliver a speech as well as would have bilateral meetings with the high representative of the participating countries and organizations.
Focusing on development and economy of the war-hit country, the event will bring together representative from some 70 countries and international organizations.The main focus of the conference will be the peace effort and development.
It will also be an opportunity for the government to present its track record on reforms and for the international community to reconfirm its commitments for development priorities until 2020. More specifically, the Afghan government will aim to show that it is on track with the implementation of the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF), the five-year strategic framework for self-reliance adopted in 2017.
The international Geneva conference is of immense important for the Government of Afghanistan togain the continued confidence and support of the international community and of the Afghan people through presenting progress and continued commitment on reform, democratic processes and development.
Meanwhile the meeting is also important for the donor agencies and international community to demonstrate unflinching support and commitment to the development of Afghanistan, as a key contribution for peace and security.
The 2018 Geneva conference will not be a pledging conference like those in Tokyo and Brussels, but more focused on policy and strategy. In line with the Security Council mandate for the UN to coordinate international donor assistance to Afghanistan, the UN has been co-chaired ministerial and senior officials’ meetings. Following the senior officials meeting held in Kabul on 5 October 2017 the Afghan Government (President Ghani and the Minister of Finance) asked the United Nations to hold the ministerial conference of 2018 at its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
In the past seventeen years, the impact of assistance to Afghanistan is heavily affected by the wider social, economic, legal, security and political environment; thus, the national unity government has stepped up many reform programs, but still much efforts needed to maximize aid effectiveness.
It is high time that donors and the Afghan government during the Geneva Conference honestly carry out their historic responsibilities to enhance its effectiveness. Donors should spend aid through Afghan government programs but ensure the quality and ultimate objective of reducing poverty, quality education, demand-driven and accountable to Afghan citizens.