Economic

Silk Route; a reliable way of regional trade, economic development

Being considered as one of the most ancient centers of the world civilization and culture, Afghanistan has played important role in socio, political, cultural, economic and religious life of Asia particularly the central Asia in ancient and middle centuries.
Scientific researches and archeological studies have proven that present Afghanistan has been the first center of culture and civilization in central Asia and the fifth center among the seventh centers of the world humanitarian culture and civilization.
Due to its geographical location, our country has been the connecting bridge among culture and civilization centers of China, India, Mesapotamia, Transaxonia, eastern coasts of Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, Greece and Rome and played vital role in acquaintance and mixing of diverse aspects of these civilizations.
Based on its role and importance, the scholars, historians and researchers have addressed it as the crossroad of culture and civilization. Similarly due to its historical, geographical importance and cultural, commercial and religious role, the ancient Balkh was recognized as the first political and cultural center of Afghanistan and the historians have given it the title of “East Gem”.
The Silk Route and the period of its elevation and exaltation also belong to this historical era of Afghanistan. The Great Koshanid Emperor Kanishka (120-160 AD) the founder, supporter and even according to some resources administrator played vital role in progress and development of this unique caravan route and biggest transportation network of the ancient world. The 11000 km long Silk Route and its branches in Afghanistan is part of our national prides and riches. Researches have shown effectiveness of the then Afghanistan geo-economics location and its political, economic, commercial and cultural role. This route plays useful role in flourishing of tourism, industry in our country in case of prevailing of reliable stability. Even today the remnants of ancient Silk Route can be seen along Kabul-Bamyan road in Ghorband valley and Dara Shekari, Kabul-Jalalabad, Kabul-Herat, Kabul-Balkh, particularly Jam Minaret and Herat Minarets which played the role of security watches.
In recent years, the Silk Route has drawn the attention of regional countries due to its special geographical location and according to officials of ACCI, the rebuilding of Silk Route is due to take place by China and ADB contribution. The ACCI authority added that the Silk Route is a big regional project and creates a commercial belt between Asia and European countries.
According to Afghan economist Sher Ali Tazri, beside its commercial importance, the Silk Route (SR) has extraordinary importance in transferring of culture, religion and world politics. Rebuilding of SR enables Afghanistan to be connected to the greatest market and export its products to global customers and would cause its rapid growth of income and domestic products.
With rebuilding of SR employment opportunities would be available to jobless people and Afghanistan would move from the position of a consuming and importing country towards a productive and exporting country.
Dawoud Nejrabi

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