Afghanistan and Pakistan are two neighboring countries with long borders and historical, cultural and economic similarities.
Both neighboring states are Islamic Republics, part of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and designated by the US as major non-NATO allies.
But unfortunately, relations between the two countries have always been faced with ups and downs.
Likewise, the Durand Line has formed the basic disputes between the two sides since long.
The Durand Line was established after 1893 Durand Line Agreement between Mortimer Durand of colonial British India and Amir Abdul Rahman Khan for fixing the limit of their respective spheres of influence.
Since then, both sides’ relations have always been facing with tensions and problems. These challenges have caused both countries to align their relations based on security, economy and political needs and broaden their cooperation in different fields.
Problems between Pakistan and India on one hand and Afghanistan and Pakistan on the other have faced the country with numerous impasses in political, economic and security spheres.
Pakistan has always felt itself in danger by India and this has caused drawing Pakistani policy-makers to Afghanistan.
Saur 7 uprising and Soviet Union Red Army invasion have paved a golden opportunity to Pakistan to benefit the situation and do its best to reach strategic goals.
Then, Pakistan has kept its borders open to refugees—a move which paved the ground for its influence and inferences to Afghanistan on one hand and on the other, by taking political privileges and international supports, it has provided the way for economy and military growth.
During the period, Pakistani strategists have changed their view toward Afghanistan and followed a deep strategic policy.
After forming new political system in 2001, Pakistan had two choice, either to continue supporting Taliban or join international coalition.
However, Pakistan had been then pressured by international thoughts, but it has never stopped its efforts to reach its strategic goals regarding Afghanistan.
Over the last one and half a decade, neither the government of Afghanistan could somehow maintain good relations with Pakistan nor the international community could force that country to honestly act in war on terror and change its view toward Afghanistan.
Recently, tensions between the two countries have reached its peak. Wrong accusations, borders’ closure and rocket shelling are the issues indicating that Pakistan wants to get closer to reaching its objectives.
This comes as Pakistan security agencies have said that they would be fencing a 100-KM-long patch on the Durand Line by the end of 2017, an action which followed with complaints in Afghanistan.
Therefore, the government of Afghanistan should make effort to tackle border tensions through diplomatic channel.
Furthermore, the United States and other countries fighting terrorism should further impose political pressures on Pakistan so it honestly steps up on war on terror and stop meddlesome in Afghanistan’s affairs, because, continued war won’t be in the benefit of any of them.