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Home | Opinions | Social | ICT unprecedentedly developed in Afghanistan in recent years

ICT unprecedentedly developed in Afghanistan in recent years

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ICT unprecedentedly developed in Afghanistan in recent years
 World Telecommunication and Information Society Day is marked on May 17th every year not only in Afghanistan but also in all countries having membership of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). ITU General Secretary has announced in a statement that the theme for the 2017 World Telecommunication and Information Society Day would be ‘Big Data for Big Impact’.
The insight brought on by advanced analysis can strongly complement the evidence-based nature of decision-making that can be leveraged at national, regional and international levels to drive success towards attaining sustainable development goals for 2030.
Fortunately, Afghanistan has obtained membership of ITU; therefore, May 17th has been marked as World Telecommunication and Information Society Day in Afghanistan since 2003. 
According to officials for Ministry of Telecommunication and Information Technology, telecommunication technology has unprecedentedly development in Afghanistan in the past one decade and currently 90 % of the country’s areas are covered by telecommunication services provided by six government and private telecommunication companies the subscribers of which have recently reached to 22 million. 
In total, Afghanistan government gets more than $ 250 million annual incomes from telecommunication sector. Meanwhile, more than $ 2.5 billion has been invested in telecommunication and information technology sector in Afghanistan so far. For example, optical fiber considered as key source for providing technology and internet services has considerably developed recently in the country. 
Proper polices and laws in this sector have been codified by Afghanistan government, which has paved ways for most of private telecommunication companies in order to invest and provide telecommunication services to their subscribers in the country. 
Besides, presence of international telecommunication companies and investors is considered as one of the main reasons for telecommunication development in Afghanistan. 
These companies by their world experiences have joined Afghanistan telecommunication market and changed it to competitive scene.
For example, Roshan, Afghan Telecom, Salam and Afghan Wireless which are considered as top telecommunication companies have international telecommunication companies’ investors who have brought international experiences, work procedures and standards to Afghanistan telecommunication sector. To continue their presence and get much interest, these companies regularly assess their rival companies’ activities and make policy based on the assessment.
Despite of all achievements attained by the domestic and international telecommunication companies, they are facing with a series of challenges as increasing insecurity in the country particularly in remote areas where telecommunication companies are obliged to deploy guards to protect and maintain security for their antennas.
Lailuma Noori
 
 

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