Rule of law is one of the issues which have attracted attention of lawyers and other political and economical experts. National unity government has also been able to have good achievements towards rule of law in the country, but achievements in this regard are facing with challenges.
A number of lawyers and judicial experts believe that rule of law in Afghanistan has experienced problems and challenges despite of achievements, stressing that rule of law enforcement could boost role of good governance in Afghanistan.
An Afghan expert Akram Andishmand says rule of law has been facing with problems in Afghanistan due to its cultural and historical aspects as social, economic and cultural backwardness in particular tribal structures, appearance of extremist and dialogic regimes through coups and deadly war and foreign interferences.
He stressed that as recent three decades have been recorded as the deadliest decades in the history of Afghanistan, we witnessed not only appearance and disappearance of regimes, organizations, associations and parties but also political, social and economical wakefulness in the country.
One of the most significant achievements of Afghanistan after of the civil war are the establishment of judicial and legislative organs as national assembly, supreme court, justice ministry, ratification of constitution and other laws in the country.
A parliamentarian Hashimi said that Afghanistan government was still facing with problems and challenges in all sectors in particular judicial despite of some achievements in this regard.
Due to such problems and challenges, the people of Afghanistan were mostly depriving of better judicial services in the country where this situation has increased the people’s trust on judicial organs.
He added that the government of Afghanistan by precision planning was obliged to fight disorders and shortcomings in the country and provide the people to have access to justice.
On the other hand, for acting on its international commitments, continued mutual cooperation with the international partners and observing human rights principles, rule of law and international conventions, Afghanistan government also needs to bring fundamental and basic reforms in judicial sector in the country.
Fariha, a civil society activist working also in judicial organ, has said fortunately key steps have been taken by Afghanistan government in this regard despite problems and challenges, adding that national unity government has been able to create considerable institutions in judicial sector to fight violence against women and children in the country.
Fariha further said besides creating special courts for women, national unity government has established a deputy office for counter violence against women and children in framework of Afghanistan attorney general office.
Currently, for improvement of judicial sector in the country, high rule of law council presided over by President Ghani, anti-corruption center in attorney general office, judicial and laws committees chaired by vice president Sarwar Danesh have been created; moreover, national administrative reforms program has also been approved and implementing program of relevant institutions will be soon finalized in laws committee, which will facilitate ways for rule of law and maintaining justice in the country.
Another women rights activist Safia Hamnawa believes that despite of significant achievements in rule of law, there are still challenges facing rule of law in the country, adding that structural reforms in judicial sector has put Afghanistan’s position up in international researches.
The experts and lawmakers consider absorption of international aids, improvement of livelihood condition of the people, implementation and overseeing rule of law in all administrative and social levels, appointment of talented and experienced figures, selection of key figures through transparent competition, enhancement of government employees’ capacity, addressing of displaced families’ problems and others as ways by implementation of which could boost hopes related to rule of law in Afghanistan.