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Karakul sheep’s husbandry is popular in northeastern Mazar-e-Sharif province, where the people in the past, were used to produce special caps and fur coats as traditional costumes, as well as some former stylish men in Kabul had been highly been admiring them.
The pelt finally came to a trade, with opening its way to the European nations, Karakul pelt Institute head in northern Balkh province, Mohammad Aref Mudabber told The Kabul Times.
He said the export of the sheep fur was from one of the country famous trade figure after rugs in the world markets.
According to Mudabber, there are three types of karakul pelts being produced in the country—the famous one is the blou one in color and those with at least 20 years of experience could distinguish this type mostly produced in some northern and northeastern provinces of the country such as Faryab, Sar-e-Pul, Jauzjan, Balkh and Samangan.
In the past, the farmers have been producing some 350,000 pelts each year to both Asian and European countries, but the exports had decreased due to some challengers the livestock owners are facing, he said adding the main problem behind is lack of pastures and agricultural water and absence of proper place to help the livestock-owners produce pelts for exports. “Otherwise weren’t able to produce karakul,” he said adding moreover the exports had increased by 30 percent.
The pelts are sent to the provincial Karakul Pelt Institution by the famers, starting from January to February, with the institute exporting them to the Asian nations such as Russia, Fenland and Denmark.
But, the pelt’s market is not too busy, despites the merchants’ remarks in the field of its exports’ increase, as each fur is sold in 500 afghanis, while the merchants are not ready to buy them in number. They purchase them from the shepherds in packages, considering those famous types.
A pelt coat producer, Ghulam Ali told The Kabul Times he is happy to see the pelt exported much to foreign countries, however he sees the marketing at home a bit cold.
He said he produce coat, cape, jumper etc from the fur and produce to some European nations, while in Russia they are mostly used to produce military coats.
He said the pelt was mostly used in making capes, coats etc wore by those in the king-court as well as stylish-men in Kabul in the past, but it changed into a traditional costume and expanded as traditional trade.
Karakul pelts exports are increased by 30 percent in the country, with the merchants sending up to 500,000 furs to European countries.
The ministry of agriculture should do its best to help the most profitable trade increase through expanding more postures and lawns inside the country. Karima Malikzada