Built in second millennium B.C., the Bakhter Treasury was discovered in the ruins of Zoroastrian Fire Temple located in the abandoned city of Sheberghan, northern province.
In 1978-1979, a delegation of Afghan and soviet archeologists led by Victor Sarianid, launched excavations in Telatapa (Gold Hill) ancient site, where 21,618 gold, silver and Ivory works in six graves have been found.
The contents of this treasury include thousands of silver coins, golden chains, a small emerald gemmed golden tree, a medal on which a mythical animal has been engraved, a man mounted on a Dofbin, a belt, one winged dragon, a golden crone, Roman and Greek coins. All those artifacts were handed over to Afghanistan national museum department in Kabul in 1979. A number of these artifacts were displayed in 1980.
Later for precaution and protection, these treasuries were taken to Koti Baghcha Palace. In 1988 these works were leaked in large chests in Da Afghanistan Bank. On July 1991 a one day exhibition of a number of these relics was held in Koti Baghcha Palace and then they were hidden. At the end of 1992, a senior delegation inspector that place to confirm existence of large chests.
A lot of ramous spread on their theft of sealing in black markets and even their melting but the officials concerned preferred to keep silence and not to divulge anything. In 1998 as per suggestion of head of museums to the MoIC, a delegation went there and prepared a report and certified that the seal and lock of the chests were safe and not broken. In 2003, the Afghan government authorities announced that these works were safe and have not been damaged.
In March 2004, an agreement on the contents of works of national museum was signed between the MoIC and the American National Geographic Institute. In April 2004, making of the works started in Kari and English with the participation of Victor Seriandi the discoverer of Tela Tapa treasury, Dr Fredric Hébert representative of N.G.I, Karl Grissman, who had started work with the national museum in 1973, senior government officials and experts of Archeological Institute.
During listing, 21618 were counted and registered out of which 20587 works belonged to Telatapa and the rest to Bagram, Hadah, Findakistan, Tapa Flol, Ai Khanum, Tapa Khazana, Kama Daka, Kohna Masjid, Aqkiprak and Sorkh Kotal and beside that a collection of gold and silver coins were registered. The rest were plundered and pillaged.
An exhibition of Bakhter Treasury was opened on Hoot 29, in Beijing the national capital of China in Royal Museum at the presence of Deputy MoIC for youth affairs Dr. Kamal Saddat, Afghan ambassador of China Janan Musazao, Chines officials Lia io ju, head of national museum Mohammad Fahim Rahimi, chief of China Emperor Palace Ji Shiary etc. According to Musazai the Afghan ambassador, both China and Afghanistan had made a lot of efforts for holding of this exhibition and it would be open until June 17.2017 for three months.
Dr Kamal Sadat said 231 pieces have been displayed in this exhibition. In an interview with The Kabul Times, the head of national museum Fahim Rahimi said Bakhter Treasury was exhibited in South Korea national museum. “Our goal behind this exhibition is to show the world that we have long his history and rich culture.”
In South Korea, over 200,000 people suited it Rahimi went on to add that the exhibition of Bakhter Treasury is one of the most spectacular in the world. In a two month extinction in Japan, over 6,000 people visited it. “We receive an advance of $250,000 and over Afs 170m have been collected by the government. For the time this exhibition was held in France as now Kazakhstan has requested holding of this exhibition,” Rahimi concluded.