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Home | Editorial | Aid effectiveness in security sector

Aid effectiveness in security sector

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Aid effectiveness in security sector
 Considering increasing insecurities, establishing a well-trained and equipped Afghan National Security and Defense Forces (ANSDF) can guarantee the future of the country. The government of Afghanistan time to time emphasized on strong and professional self-defense forces that all Afghans can beproudof and that can assume overall responsibility for Afghanistan security. 
An independent and capable ANDSF are critical to counter-insurgency efforts, and to establishing the security environment that will allow Afghanistan to become an economically prosperous, moderate democracy. It is crucial that the countries partners dedicate the necessary resources and personnel to ensure that the mission to develop the ANSDF is a success.
The 9th Oversight Coordination Board (OCB) meeting on financing and equipping theANSDFwhich was held in Kabul the other day and was co-chaired by Finance Minister, Assistant Chief of Mission for US Embassy Kabul discussed  progress and achievements of Afghanistan after the Warsaw and Brussels conferences, mutual security commitments between the Afghan government and donors, funding and equipping security and defense forces, security roadmap (counter-terrorism and narcotics, leadership development, training, anti-corruption and future plans.
The meeting was also attended by minister of defense, deputy interior minister, military generals, ambassadors and representatives from 23 donor countries, where other issues, including financial reform, activities ofJustice and Judiciary Center, institution building and reforms in security and defense sectors were also discussed.
OCB which was established in 2013 after NATO summit in Chicago and taking place every six months indeed plays a critical role in ensuring that the donor community’s efforts in Afghanistan are meeting the needs of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces, as well as the expectations of the donor countries regarding the effectiveness of the assistance and the transparency and accountability Afghan governments require.
The ANDSF are highly respected by the majority of Afghans. The multiethnic forces show strong commitment to the mission, which they see as a legitimate duty and a patriotic cause worth fighting for, but the fractured political structure strongly affects the professional capacity of the ANDSF. 
Interference of politicians, and power brokers in managing promotions within the force not only undermines the professional effectiveness of the army and police as they face a brutal war but also undermines morale and motivation to fight. 
The ANDSF’s mission has evolved over the past sixteen years, along with changing security conditions. The ANDSF were established to stabilize the country following years of conflict, as well as support the development of democratic institutions to counteract entrenched post conflict criminality, including warlord- and drug-related crime. However, over the years, the ANDSF gradually got pulled into counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations, as the resurgent Taliban and their foreign supporterdidn’t spare any effort to weaken their development process.
Since there are reportedly many embezzlements in ANSDF’s related contracts and the forces facing many shortcomings in the battlefields, holding of meetings on transparency in security sectors is commendable.The primary objective of OCB is also to make sure that funding to the needs of the security sector is channeled in a coordinated way and spent in a transparent and accountable manner. 

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